Jesse Tree 21. “Haggai: Promise of a Glorious Temple”

Scripture: Hag 2:1–9

It’s Now or Never (Hag 1:1–15, August 520 BC1)

The people were back in the land after a seventy-year exile, but the desert was not bursting into flower like they might have expected from reading Isaiah.2 Instead, the desert was creeping up on farmland, as one drought year pulled into line behind another. Amos had diagnosed the sinful cause of this three centuries earlier, but no one had listened. Now Haggai saw the same pattern and made the same diagnosis Amos had made: It was divine rebuke. But unlike Amos’s audience, Haggai’s audience listened and began to set things right (Hag 1:1–15).

Take Heart and Get to Work (Hag 2:1–9, October 520 BC)

The Prophet Haggai, in Nuremburg Chronicles

Haggai acknowledged that the temple they were working on was a humble affair compared to Solomon’s. But he assured them of God’s promise that the rebuilt temple would experienced unequaled glory and peace. So the people needed to get to work on it (Hag 2:3–9).

God promised, “I will shake all the nations, and the treasures of all the nations will be brought to this Temple” (Hag 2:7). Egyptian plunder had financed the Hebrew wilderness trip and helped them build their wilderness tabernacle. The wealth of the nations had been flowing through Solomon’s imperial coffers when he built the former temple. This community of returned exiles was poor, but their temple would be financed by international money, because it ultimately belonged to the God who rules the nations. Indeed, shortly after Haggai’s prophecy, the Persians ordered the opposition to pay the full cost of rebuilding Israel’s temple (Ezra 6:8–12). And later on, Herod the Great and his successors would lavish Roman wealth on the temple of Jesus’s time.

Haggai's Temple
“Haggai’s Temple,” in The pictorial Bible and commentator: presenting the great truths of God’s word in the most simple, pleasing, affectionate, and instructive manner (1878), by Ingram Cobbin, Daniel March, Daniel, L. P. Brockett, and Hesba Stretton.

God promised, “The future of this Temple will be greater than its past glory” (Hag 2:9). It didn’t look like it with what Haggai’s contemporaries were building. Under the Herod’s this became true as an architectural matter. But most importantly, the Lord of the temple eventually came (Matt 12:6) and superseded the temple built by human hands, the temple built of merely stone. In other words, Haggai’s prophecy resonated with the same kind of great end-time hopes that Isaiah expressed (Isa 2:2–5).

Promise and Prediction (Hag 2:10–23, August 520 BC)

Haggai 1:6

Haggai had warned how rapidly sin spread (Hag 2:10–14). So he told returnees the poor harvests were the result of disobedience, but blessings would come as the people obeyed God and rebuilt the temple (Hag 2:15–19).

Haggai the Prophet (18th century Russian icon)

Finally, he gave a strong message of assurance for “Zerubbabel the governor of Judah” (Hag 2:20–23). God would shake heaven and earth, judging the nations and eliminating hostility to his people, his temple, and his kingdom on earth. Zerubbabel was Jehoichin’s grandson, so people were looking in his direction to see what God would do by way of restoring the Davidic dynasty that he represented.

Zerubbabel was only serving as a Persian appointee to rule a small backwater community within a larger district within the vast Persian empire. But God told him “I will make you like a signet ring on my finger … for I have chosen you” (Hag 2:23). Zerubbabel disappeared in a few years without notice of his fate, but in him the Davidic line had been renewed in Jerusalem.

Even today, a Hanukkah hymn contains these words: 

Well nigh had I perished, 
when Babylon’s end drew near; 
through Zerubbabel I was saved 
after seventy years.

The fulfillment of all the promises of the renewed Davidic line would occur in Jesus Christ, but Zerubbabel was a signal that the dynasty still had a future to be realized in God’s good time.

Questions, Reflections, & Commitments

  • Do you ever get discouraged at the small things on which you’re working, even though you keep hearing about the great kingdom of God? Commit yourself to “get to work” on your assignment in the kingdom of God, and let God take care of filling it with glory in his own time and way.

Ornament for the day

  • Click here to download cross-stitch patterns for all the daily ornaments.
  • Click here to download a simple coloring book for all the daily ornaments.


  1. Haggai preached the sermons in this book during the second year of Darius I (521–486 BC), and it’s possible to synchronize the old lunar calendar with the Julian calendar to within one day (Joyce G. Baldwin, Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi: An Introduction and Commentary, TOTC [InterVarsity, 1972], 31).
  2. Isa 35:1, 6; 41:18, 19.

Author: Dale A. Brueggemann

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